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Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD), the Silent Disease that Causes Loss of Sight
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Roughly 200,000 cases of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) get diagnosed each year. Age-related macular degeneration is the number one cause of vision loss in adults ages 60 and older. It affects the macula, the section of the eye that focuses on fine detail. As a result, AMD causes the loss of sharp, central vision which is necessary for normal, daily tasks such as reading and driving. This disease although it affects both sexes, it affects women more often than men, according to several large studies conducted by the Wills Eye Institute in Philadelphia.
Age is the greatest risk factor for AMD. Aside from age other risk factors include:
The Silent Disease
AMD can sneak up on people because it can progress gradually, and does not involve pain. Because of these factors AMD can progress without being noticed until its too late, and can result in visual impairment in both eyes. That is why it is so important to get regular eye exams.
Early Detection is the Key
Early detection can slow the loss of vision.
Treatment options include:
Thanks to technology there are many new treatments on the horizon. These include:
There are also warning signs associated with AMD. If you experience any of the following vision symptoms, contact an eye care specialist: